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2014年12月英语六级考试作文备战六大技巧

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  三、技巧。

  1)正反阐释题。大多数这一类型的题目一般都会给出提纲,且一般为3部分,第1为某一种观点,第2为与之相反的观点,第3为我的看法。若题目明确给出三部分,则写作时就要注意一定分为三段。若给出两部分,则可以适当做调整,写两段或者自己添加一段为三段文章。

  例如:99.6.题目的提纲为:1,有些人分为读书要有选择;2,有些人认为应当博览群书;3,我的看法。

  则可以按其要求分为三段;而98.6.提纲为:1,有些人认为某些数字会带来好运;2,我认为数字和运气无关……。可以按提纲所列条目写,也可以再加一段内容为有些人认为数字和运气无关,而我则同意这一观点。

  注意:A作文中有可能要求写出原因如97.6.题,则一定要写出原因,若只描述问题而缺少原因则属于偏题,分数自然降低。如果没有明确要求也可补充,增加内容。B一般第3部分我的看法中,可以赞同某一种观点反对另一种,也可以结合两者优点,或持中庸态度等,作出结论。

  常用句型:起:When asked about / it comes to…,many people claim/ believe/ argue/ say that…

  There is a general/ public/ heated/ much discussion / debate taday about…

  There is much disagreement / are some controversies over…转:Others,however,think differently.

  As opposed to these widely-held views,someone argues that…

  Despite the popular belief that…,a current survey indicates that…

  2)阐释原因,方法,描述危害题。这一类型多为社会问题及现象。提纲一般也分为2~3部分,而相应地,写作时也要明确三部分:1,提出问题;2,分析问题;3,解决问题。 在提出中,主要描述所要说的问题;分析要分析问题所在或阐述出现这种问题的原因;解决中提出解决的方法。

  例如:98.1.题纲:1,假冒伪劣商品的危害;2,怎样杜绝假冒伪劣商品。可以在第1段提出假冒伪劣商品这种现象描述其危害,在第2段可以阐述其出现的原因,第3段提出解决问题的办法。再如00.1.提纲:1,上大学的费用可以通过多种途径解决;2,哪种途径适合我(说明理由)。则可在首段简要提出上学费用对于我们学生是一个不小的问题,然后阐述解决费用的途径,最后说明自己的方法并说明原因。

  常用句型:

  起:Recently,there has been a widespread concern / feeling / belief / attitude that…

  Now it is widely / commonly/ generally thought/ believed/hold that…

  Now people in increasing number are beginning / coming to realize/ accept/ understand that…

  承:The opinion may be supported by the following facts.

  合:It is hoped / suggested / recommended that…

  It is high time that we put and end to the…/ take measures to …

  3)永恒话题。97.1.题目出了一句谚语Haste Makes Waste,类似的还可以有Practice Makes Perfect,Where Theres a Will Theres a Way,Unity Means Strength,God Helps Those Who Help Themselves等。对于这一类的题目也要把握三点:1,解释含义;2,举例说明;3,总结发挥。前两点可以作为前两段,最后可以根据自己的心得体会总结,比如我们应该怎样避免或怎样去做等。

  常用句型:举例:History abounds with the example of…

  I can think of no better illuestration of the point / view than the fact that…/example of…

  总结发挥:Both history and common sense suggest that…

  All these examples goes to show / point to the fact / piles up to show that…

  Judging from all evidence offered,we may safely say / come to the conclusion that…

  4)图表题。图表作文三步骤:1,描述变化;2,解释原因;3,A若是好的现象则对其进行预测;B若是坏的现象则提出解决办法;C不好不坏的情况阐述自己的观点。

  注意:图表题一定不要大量机械地罗列数据,而要挖掘图表的内涵,如写出上升或下降的趋势或比率。

  常用句型:描述变化:It can be seen / we can see from the gragh that…/ According to the gragh,…

  The number has nearly doubled that of last year.

  The number was…,less / more than half / a third / a quarter of the 2000 total.

  指出原因:The change in…mainly results / arises from…

  One may attribute this trend / change/problem to…,but it doesnt answer the question.

  A number of factors could account for / lead to the change in…

  5)书信题。一般会给出信的开头与结尾,中间部分自己作答。内容多为求职,申请,邀请等,需表达清楚,求职要列出自己的优势言辞恳切,邀请可说明原因,时间地点也要叙述完整。

  6)关联词。举例exemplification:for example,for instance,as an example,as an illustration,such as;

  比较comparision:similarly,likewise,in the same way,equally important,in common;对照contrast:on the contrary,on the other hand,otherwise,unlike,in contrast,whereas,conversely,by contrast;让步coocession:although,nevertheless,however,but,admittedly,even though,in spite of;原因cause:because,because of,as,since,for,owing to,due to,on account of,as a result of…结果result:thus,so,consequently,hence,therefore,accordingly,as a result,as a consequence,on that account;强调emphasis:chiefly,especially,indeed,in fact,certainly,particularly,actually;列举enumeration:first,second,in the first place,first of all,to befin with,in the second place,furthermore,moreover,for one thing,for another,whats more,whats worse;总结summary:in conclusion,in short,in brief,in summary,on the whole,to sum up,to conclude。



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